Ancient Algeria has known many empires and dynasties, including ancient Numidians, Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Romans, Vandals, Byzantines, Umayyads, Abbasids, Idrisid, Aghlabid, Rustamid, Fatimids, Zirid, Hammadids, Almoravids, Almohads, Spaniards, Ottomans and the French colonial empire. According to OPEC Algeria has the 16th largest oil reserves in the world and the second largest in Africa, while it has the 9th largest reserves of natural gas.
Sonatrach, the national oil company, is the largest company in Africa.
Travel Warnings: Issued when Protracted situations make a country dangerous or unstable. Travel Alerts: Issued when short-term conditions pose imminent threats. Embassy Messages: Issued when local security issues arise.
Passengers arriving via a cruise ship and who will be part of an organized shore excursion do not require a visa in advance.
The climate is desert like, although the coast does receive rain in the winter.
Only 3 percent of the land is arable, this along the Mediterranean.
Its capital and most populous city is Algiers, located in the country's far north.When your passport is stamped upon entry, check how long you can stay.You may be able to request an extension of stay from the Ministry of Interior (Office of Foreigners).The country is a semi-presidential republic consisting of 48 provinces and 1,541 communes (counties).Abdelaziz Bouteflika has been President since 1999. The North African country supplies large amounts of natural gas to Europe, and energy exports are the backbone of the economy.All other travelers must obtain a visa from an Algerian embassy or consulate in advance of travel.If you have Israeli entry stamps in your passport, you may experience difficulties.The first humans are thought to have lived in Africa and powerful African empires formed from the medieval age onwards.However, today's African nations were shaped by the European powers who colonised this vast continent.However, if you overstay, you may need to appear before a judge prior to departing Algeria. citizen seeking residency in Algeria, see our page on Residency in Algeria. citizen women married to Algerians do not require the husband’s authorization to depart. citizens in Algeria should keep a low-profile and avoid predictable travel patterns.If you are in this situation, see your local police station. Dual Nationality: The Algerian government treats dual-national Algerian-Americans who enter Algeria on an Algerian passport solely as Algerian citizens. Dual-national minor children exiting Algeria on an Algerian passport with just one parent, will need to provide the Algerian family book (livret de famille) in order to demonstrate the relationship between the child and the accompanying parent. Embassy website for information on Algerian Customs import/export restrictions. See our Travel Warning for Algeria for more information.